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We rely heavily on our radiators to heat our home, which is why we want them working as efficiently as they can. But sometimes, radiators need bleeding to remove the excess air and allow the hot water to flow through them properly.
Below, you can find out exactly how to bleed a radiator (in just six easy steps) to increase the efficiency of your central heating, cut your energy bills and make your home warm during the cold seasons.
First things first, what exactly does it mean to bleed a radiator? Radiators are filled with hot water that comes from your boiler. This heat is pushed into a room to make it nice and toasty during the winter months. But sometimes, excess air in the system can leave your boiler with cold spots.
Bleeding a radiator is the process of letting such excess air out using a radiator bleed key so that there are no cold patches.
There are some signs you can look out for that could mean you need to bleed your radiators. The most common sign is cold spots, or even a whole section of the radiator that doesn’t feel hot. Air is lighter than water, and so you may notice that the radiator is hot at the bottom but cold at the top.
You may also notice unusual noises coming from your radiators, including gurgling and rattling, which is a good indicator that there is trapped air in the system.
Fortunately, you can easily bleed your radiators yourself to make your home cosy and warm.
Below, you can find our step-by-step instructions to help you bleed your own radiators at home.
For this task, you may need the following tools:
A radiator bleed key – used to open up the radiator vent valve (available from most hardware stores)
Step 1: Turn your heating on
Before you can begin bleeding your radiators, you need to identify which ones need bleeding. You can bleed all of them, but some may not contain any excess air. Therefore, you should allow the radiators to warm up and check which ones have cold spots.
Turning the heating on can also help to increase the pressure in the system and will allow any air to rise to the top of the radiators, ready for bleeding.
Step 2: Turn your heating off
It’s imperative that you don’t bleed your radiators while the heating is on. Hot water could escape from the device and burn you. Therefore, once you’ve made a note of the radiators to bleed, turn the central heating off and wait for at least an hour for the water to cool down.
During this time, put your cloths/towels down to protect your flooring.
Step 3: Use your radiator key to open the bleed valve
Place your bowl or jug underneath the bleed valve and slowly open it using your radiator bleed key. If you don’t have a key, we have another guide that shows alternative methods.
The valve can be located at the top of the radiator and to the side. It looks like a round hole with a square inside. When you insert the radiator key into the bleed valve, you will feel them lock together.
Carefully turn the valve anti-clockwise – as the air begins to escape, you’ll hear a hissing sound. A quarter to half a turn will be enough. Never open the valve fully, because once all the air has escaped, the water will start to come out.
Tip: If you do not have a radiator vent key it is sometimes possible to use a flat-headed screwdriver on modern radiators.
Step 4: – Close the radiator valve
Once the hissing has stopped or water has begun to come out of the valve, close it by turning the radiator bleed key clockwise. This will seal the radiator.
Step 5: Repeat the process on all radiators
Repeat this bleeding process with all the radiators that showed signs of trapped air. We suggest starting on the ground floor and working your way up your property because the air rises through the system.
Step 6: Check the pressure of your heating system
Once you have completed the task of bleeding all your radiators, you will need to re-pressurise your heating system. When you bleed a boiler heating system, you always lose some water. If it’s a large amount then your system may have difficulty heating the top floors of your property or the central heating system can fail to start up due to low pressure.
If the water pressure in your system is correct, the needle gauge on your boiler will be facing green. If it’s on yellow, then you will need to re-pressurise the system. To do this you’ll need to locate the central filling loop connected to your boiler. It looks like a tap and is connected to your main water supply; for reference, the pressure in a typical family home is usually between 1.0 and 1.5 bar.
Always turn the tap and slowly adjust the pressure. In the unlikely event that you add too much pressure and the needle faces the red, there is also a bleed tap.
You can find more information on that topic in our article about boilers losing pressure.
We advise bleeding your radiators at the beginning of the heating season, before you really need it, to ensure your boiler and heating system is running at its best without any trapped air.
If you prefer video content to text, you can find our YouTube video that demonstrates exactly how to bleed your radiators with easy-to-follow steps and illustrations.
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